Table nature farm leaf ripe dish

How to learn not to throw food away. Seven practical tips

How do you store food so that it stays fresh longer? Is it true that bananas cannot be kept in the fridge? The answers to these and other questions can be found in our instructions for proper food storage.

Every year about 1.3 billion tons of food is thrown away, most of it ends up in a dump. This not only damages the environment, but also has a negative impact on climate change.

Such thoughtless waste is becoming one of the main problems facing humanity, says New York chef Max La Manna.

He even wrote a book on the subject “More Plants, Less Waste“.

Max La Manna told the BBC what each of us can do to help tackle this problem.

Food has been an important part of my life since I was a child, because my father was a chef. My parents taught me not to throw away food.

There are almost 9 billion people on our planet now, over 820 million of them undernourished.

Meaningless waste of food is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity. Approximately one third of all food is either simply rotting in the fields or being thrown in the garbage.

It is not just food that is wasted. Money, water, energy, land and transport are all being wasted.

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If you throw away food, it can also affect climate change, as a significant percentage of food is simply sent to a landfill where it rots by releasing methane.

If food were an independent country, it would be the third source of greenhouse gases after the US and China.

But you can fight it.

Shopping is the right thing to do.

shopping eat

We often buy too much food, more than we need.

Before you go to the store, you should make a list of what you really need and not buy too much.

What’s more, use all the food you’ve bought before going back to the store.

It’s the right thing to do to store food

Building transport food business shopping

Food spoils if it’s not stored properly.

Many people do not know which foods should be kept in the fridge and which should not. This causes fruit and vegetables to begin to rot and end up in a dump.

Potatoes, onions, tomatoes, garlic and cucumbers should not be kept in the fridge – they should be kept at room temperature.

Greenery can be stored in a bowl of water.

If you understand that you have extra bread, put it in the freezer.

In a supermarket or other shop, choose fruit and vegetables that do not look pretty. They are just as edible and tasty, but since many people don’t want to buy them, they often end up in the garbage.

And if you can, buy fresh produce from a farmer or at a farmers’ market.

The under-eaten food is in the fridge

Fridge hand door refrigerator

Scraps are a useful thing.

If you cook a lot and have something to eat all the time, take one day a week when you take all these leftovers out of the fridge and heat them up again or cook them somehow.

This food will not go to the dump. Besides, you’ll save time and money.

Don’t forget about the freezer

Cold home food cooking

The easiest way to store food is in the freezer.

For example, if you have left vegetables that have become too soft for salad, you can freeze them and then make them smoothies or something else.

If you have too many herbs in your kitchen, put them in an ice maker, pour water on them and send them to the freezer. They can be used later for passivation or other recipes.

You can put food you haven’t eaten, even soups, in the freezer. Then you will always have ready and tasty food, which you only need to heat.

To work with your lunch

Advertising shop store food produce

It’s nice to leave the office for lunch with colleagues, especially at your favorite restaurant, but it costs money and leads to waste of food.

It’s best to bring food from home. If you don’t have enough time to prepare food in the morning, get what’s lying in the freezer and waiting for your time.

Cook the broths

Fruit ripe shop store meal food

You can make broth from the leftovers of the food.

Quickly fry or heat up vegetable remnants and anything that has not been used. Put it all in a saucepan, add olive or butter, your favourite spices, pour water and cook over low heat.

And then enjoy the work of your own hands.

Make compost

Dish food mediterranean ingredient produce eat

Compost is a valuable fertiliser and a good way to get rid of food waste without harming the environment and, moreover, helping the living environment.

Not everyone has a garden where it is easiest to do so, but there are many recipes for home composting in a normal city apartment.

This composting is a great way to help your indoor plants grow.

Step by step

Dish meal food

There are many ways to reduce food waste, and each of us can do so.

If you think about how much food your family throws away every day, you can make a difference and contribute to the conservation of such valuable natural resources.

Even minimal changes in how you buy food, how you cook and consume food will help protect the environment. It doesn’t have to be difficult at all.

With very little effort, you can noticeably reduce the amount of food you find in the garbage can, save money, time and simply help nature.

In addition

In addition, there are additional tips on how to store individual products:

Vegetables and fruits

Keep fruits and vegetables sensitive to ethylene separate from other products. Not only temperature and humidity, but also the products themselves affect the shelf life. All fruits and vegetables emit ethylene, a gas that speeds up their ripening. Some products produce it in particularly large quantities. So that they do not affect other fruits and vegetables that are sensitive to this substance, store them separately. For example, in a separate container or outside the refrigerator. By following this rule, you can extend the life of fruits and vegetables.

Ethylene products: tomatoes, plums, pears, bananas, avocados, kiwi and mangoes.

Ethylene products

Vegetables and fruits sensitive to ethylene: apples, cucumbers, carrots, salad, potatoes, broccoli.

Vegetables and fruits sensitive to ethylene

Most fruits and vegetables can be kept in the fridge. It is worth noting that if there is a fresh zone in the refrigerator, the products placed in it can retain their useful properties much longer than usual.


Can tomatoes be stored in a plastic bag? Can be kept in a fresh area or in a vegetable container.


Matured tomatoes cannot be stored in a closed plastic bag as they release ethylene, which affects the ripening of the fruit. Under such conditions, the gas concentration is higher and therefore its effect on the vegetable is much greater. To prevent tomatoes from spoiling, after buying, remove the packaging and put it in a vegetable container.


Potatoes should not be stored at low temperatures because the starch contained in the tubers turns into sugar due to low temperatures. This is why frozen potatoes have a sweet taste.


It is best to keep the potatoes in a cold and dark place by placing the tubers in paper bags. This will avoid condensation and discolouring the product.

To keep the potatoes in storage longer, put a few apples on top of them. They will prevent the potatoes from germinating.


To keep bananas longer and not ink, cut off their tails. Note that bananas cannot be stored in the fridge.

In addition, it is better not to keep bananas with fruits and vegetables that are sensitive to ethylene. As in this case, they may spoil more quickly.

Dish food mediterranean ingredient produce eat

Helpful tips for hostesses in the kitchen

Our folk culinary secrets will be useful for every host, as many gather and pass on to each other from mouth to mouth. Simple tricks and tips in the kitchen will make cooking easier and the dishes will taste even better. Simple but useful tips for hosts on cooking, we share. So, useful tips for cooking major dishes.

Helpful tips for hostesses in the kitchen

  • Never leave a laurel leaf in a cooked soup.
  • Add thickened garlic at the end of the cooking process.
  • Stir the soup only slowly in a circular motion.
  • Iodised salt is best used when preparing dishes without heat treatment – i.e. put it in the salad, but it is not recommended to salt borscht, soup and other dishes with iodised salt.
  • Put a few slices of garlic in sunflower oil. Let it stand for a while and then dressing the salad with it.
  • If you have over-salted the soup or borscht, put the whole peeled potatoes in it. The potatoes will absorb the extra salt.
  • Salt in the salt cellar doesn’t wet if you put some rice grains in it.
  • To prevent raw eggs from bursting out of the fridge while boiling, you should add one spoonful of salt to the boiling water. If even the eggshell cracked, the egg’s contents wouldn’t leak out anyway.
  • When boiling vegetables, it is advisable to add some lemon juice to the water.
  • When boiling vegetables, you should put them in boiling water.
  • The smell of fish or onion from dishes or cutting boards can be eliminated by rinsing them with water with table vinegar 9%.
  • The greens on the pizza when baked will not lose their taste and colour if it is first lightly dipped in vegetable oil.
  • Normal flossing (without various flavourings and impregnations) is ideal for cutting soft products: cakes, cheese, etc.
  • If you want your eggs to be lush, add two spoons of cold water to a glass of eggs and then whisk well.
  • If you want to bake or fry meat with a golden crust on it, you should first coat it with honey.
  • Onions will not be bitter if you put them in a colander and give them boiling water immediately after slicing.
  • Skins of young potatoes will be easy to clean if you put them in salt cold water for a while before cleaning.
  • The liver (liver) will be softer if you sprinkle it with sugar before frying.
  • White wine in the sauce can replace 2 pieces of sugar dissolved in a small amount of table vinegar.
  • If you add a pinch of salt to your coffee before the end of brewing, you can get a drink with a special taste and aroma.
  • Ready-made vegetables should be immediately taken out of the broth.
  • You can squeeze more juice out of the lemon by first eating it with boiling water, then roll it around the table with your hand, cut it and then squeeze the juice.
  • The beetroot will not lose its colour if you boil it in water with sugar (a little) and apple vinegar (a couple of drops).
  • Beans and peas will boil faster if you soak them in cold water at night.
  • Eggs must be washed in cold water before boiling to prevent them from bursting. Some people also recommend not boiling eggs directly from the fridge, but to put them in the fridge before boiling a little warmer to room temperature.
  • To keep the eggshells from escaping easily from the squirrel, cool the eggs down immediately after boiling by placing them in cold water.
  • Vegetables in soups and borscht should be washed and cleaned immediately before placing them in the broth. Preparation is not appropriate, as vegetables become dry and lose their nutrients, including vitamins.
  • Potatoes will fall apart during cooking if boiled in salt water with the addition of a few drops of table vinegar.
  • When preparing the sauce, it is recommended to add some milk to the sour cream, then it will not collapse.
  • Fried potatoes must be salted at the very end, otherwise they will lose their shape and taste.
  • Eggs are better preserved when stored with the blunt end upwards.
  • Sliced onions will stay fresh longer if you put them on a saucer, which is sprinkled with salt beforehand.
  • Milk will not burn when cooked if you rinse the pot with cold water before cooking and cook it on medium heat.

Useful tips from home cooking

  • It takes five to ten minutes to boil the boiled carrots to taste good. Like other vegetables, the carrots are cooked on good fire and salt only at the end of the cooking process.
  • To make the rice crumbly, you should soak it for 30 minutes in cold water before boiling.
  • To prevent the salt from getting wet during storage, you only need to add a few grains of rice to the salt.
  • Rice will not boil if it is lightly fried, but then it will not increase in size when boiled.
  • To prevent the milk from running away, throw a piece of sugar in it and cover it, stirring it every 3-4 minutes.
  • Dried mustard on the lid will protect the tomato paste from mold.
  • The rice will be transparent if you put it in boiling water for 5 minutes.
  • The rice will be white and crumbly if boiled in a special way: put it in boiling salt water, add a couple of drops of lemon juice or dissolved in water of citric acid, and do not cover the pot with rice while boiling the lid.
  • Vegetable soups will be thicker if you add some lightly fried flour. And the taste can be improved with sour cream, milk or cream.
  • To prevent pasta and rice from sticking together during cooking, add a little olive or sunflower oil to the water in which they are cooked, and after cooking, dine them in a colander with cold water.
  • That the cabbage for stuffing has not lost its color and did not become brown, you should dine it with boiling water, and then pour it for a minute with cold water, then squeeze it and fry in a pan.
  • Faded greens (parsley, dill) will become fresh again if you put them in water, which is a little diluted with vinegar.
  • Potatoes will cook faster if you add a little oil to the water.
  • To make boiled vegetables more tasty, put them in boiling water while boiling. If you want the broth itself to taste better, boil the vegetables for it by putting them in cold water rather than in boiling water.
  • Buckwheat porridge will taste better if it is first fried in a frying pan or oven for just a few minutes.
  • Fill the frozen meat with a small amount of vinegar to make it gentle and tastier, and defrost more quickly.
  • To ensure that the milk in the package or jar does not sour, add a pinch of salt immediately when opening the package – the salt will keep the milk fresh for a longer period.
  • Mustard, which has been diluted on milk, not on water, will be better preserved and will not dry out.
  • In minced meat it is recommended to add some sugar (based on: a tablespoon of sugar per 1 kg of minced meat). Cutlets, chebureks, white meat and other meat products will always be very juicy. In minced meat it is also recommended to add dry celery to the main spices (pepper, salt). Celery improves the taste of the meat.
  • Skins of lard are well added when boiling cold from any meat. Cold lard skins get thick, because the skin is a lot of gelling agents.
  • A special interesting taste can be given to the vinaigrette, if you add 1 tablespoon of milk and 1 teaspoon of sugar.
  • Schi, soup or borscht will taste better and more intense if you boil the whole potato in them and then stretch it right in a pot or frying pan.
  • Some mistresses recommend to cook whole washed and peeled beetroot in the broth when cooking borscht. Take the cooked beet out of the broth, grate it on a coarse grate and add it to the cooked borscht, bring it to the boil and turn it off. The borscht will have both colour and taste just fine!
  • To preserve the flavour, aroma and colour of fresh berries when preparing kissel, you should boil only the squeezed berries filled with water and add sugar and starch to the resulting syrup. Pour the juice already in the ready kissel when it is removed from the fire.
  • Pass slightly yellowed or windy lard through a meat grinder and put it in a clean dry jar. Store lard in a fridge and can be added to borscht or cabbage if necessary. To do this, it is better to grind the fat in a garlic mortar and add this dressing to a ready-made borscht (or shij), stir and turn off the fire.
  • Sour cream will taste like mayonnaise, if you add to it a grated yolk of boiled twisted egg and just 1 teaspoon of mustard.
  • To make the porridge crumbly, you need to take two glasses of water on a glass of cereal. Some people recommend that you put the cereal in boiling water.
  • Bitter cucumbers should not be thrown out immediately. Bitterness can be removed in a simple way: put the bitter cucumbers in the milk by adding a little sugar beforehand.
  • Cooked vegetables should not be left in the water where they were cooked: they will become watery and unpalatable. Immediately after boiling, the vegetables should be placed on a colander.
  • Apples for salads will not darken immediately if you put them in cold, slightly salty water.
  • Add chopped garlic at the end of the cooking process. The meat broth should be salted half an hour before the end of cooking, the fish broth at the beginning of cooking, and the mushroom broth at the end.
  • To make the new broom last longer and not break, it should be soaked in hot salt water for 2-3 hours.